For Healthcare Professionals

DENEX Renal Denervation in Patients With Hypertension on no Antihypertensive Medications


About the study

The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of renal denervation using DENEX System in patients with hypertension without antihypertensive medication, compared with the sham group.

Who can take part

You may be eligible to participate in the study if you meet the following criteria:


  1. Subject aged 18 to 80 years old at the time of signing the informed consent
  2. Subject who is drug-naïve or willing to discontinue current antihypertensive treatment (not on antihypertensive medications for at least 4 weeks prior to Screening Visit 1) at Screening Visit 1 through the 3-month post-procedure visit. Drug-naïve is defined as those with no previous exposure to antihypertensive medications.
  3. Subject who meets all of the following blood pressure measurements:
  4. Office Systolic Blood Pressrue (SBP) < 180 mmHg at Screening Visit 1
  5. Office SBP ≥ 150 mmHg and < 180 mmHg, and office diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg at Screening Visit 2
  6. 24-h ambulatory SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and < 170 mmHg at Screening Visit 2
  7. Subject who voluntarily decides to participate in this clinical study and sign the written consent.
  8. Subject who willing and able to complete all clinical investigation-related procedures and assessments


  1. Subject with renal anatomy that is ineligible for treatment:
  2. Diameter of main renal artery for each kidney is < 3 mm or > 8 mm OR presence of accessory renal arteries (ARAs) with a diameter < 3 mm
  3. Presence of fibromuscular dysplasia
  4. Presence of kidney tumors or secretory tumors in the adrenal gland
  5. > 50% stenosis in any treatable vessel
  6. Presence of aneurysm (any localized increase in vessel diameter)
  7. Treatment area within 5 mm segment in the renal artery contains an atheroma, calcification, or a renal artery stent
  8. A single functioning kidney
  9. Polycystic kidney disease
  10. Subject with prior renal denervation, renal artery stenting, renal artery angioplasty, renal nephrectomy, or renal transplant
  11. Subject with type 1 diabetes mellitus or uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (HbA1c over 10.0%)
  12. Subject with epidermal growth factor receptor (eGFR) < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2, using the 4-variable modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) clinical investigation calculation
  13. Subject taking sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors or glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists that have been prescribed < 90 days prior to Screening Visit 1 or necessary to remain on these medications for duration of clinical investigation
  14. Subject with ≥ 1 episode of orthostatic hypotension not related to medication changes within the past year prior to Screening Visit 1
  15. Documented repeated (> 1) hospitalization for hypertensive crisis within the 12 months and/or any hospitalization for hypertensive crisis within the 3months prior to Screening Visit 1.
  16. Subject requiring chronic oxygen support or mechanical ventilation (other than nocturnal respiratory support for sleep apnea)
  17. Subject with primary pulmonary hypertension
  18. Subject with untreated secondary cause of hypertension (known or suspected) or taking medications that increase sympathetic tone that could contribute to hypertension
  19. Subject with frequent or chronic pain that requires treatment with NSAIDs for two or more days per week during the last month prior to Screening Visit 2 (aspirin and clopidogrel permitted for cardiovascular risk reduction)
  20. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on anti-retroviral drug therapy but without documentation that hypertension preceded initiation of anti-retroviral drug therapy
  21. Subject with a history of myocardial infarction, stable or unstable angina, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, heart failure, or atrial fibrillation within 3 months prior to Screening Visit 1
  22. Subject who requires more than occasional use (e.g., PRN) of narcotic drugs over the month prior to Screening Visit 1
  23. Subject currently taking anti-mineralocorticoid medications, unless weaned off by ≥ 8 weeks prior to Screening Visit 1
  24. Subject with a history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy or subject who refuses blood transfusions
  25. Subject working night shifts
  26. Subject with a medical history of contraindications, anaphylactic reactions, or uncontrollable allergic reactions to contrast agents
  27. Subject using active implantable medical devices (Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator [ICD] or Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Device [CRT-D], neuromodulation device, spinal cord stimulator, pressure reflector, etc.)
  28. Subject with scheduled or planned surgery that may affect clinical investigation endpoints, in the opinion of the investigator
  29. Subject has a documented condition that would prohibit or interfere with ability to obtain an accurate blood pressure measurement using the protocol-specified automatic/office blood pressure monitor (e.g., upper arm circumference outside cuff size ranges available by geography or arrhythmia that interferes with automatic monitor's pulse sensing and prohibits an accurate measurement).
  30. Subject with documented confounding medical condition that may adversely affect the safety of the subject, in the opinion of the investigator (e.g. clinically significant peripheral vascular disease, aortic aneurysm, severe cardiac valve stenosis for which a significant reduction of blood pressure is contraindicated, or bleeding disorders such as thrombocytopenia, hemophilia, or significant anemia,)
  31. Subject with known unresolved history of drug use or alcohol dependency, lacks ability to comprehend or follow instructions, or would be unlikely or unable to comply with clinical investigation follow-up requirements
  32. Subject currently enrolled in a concurrent investigational drug or device clinical investigation, unless approved by clinical investigation sponsor
  33. 23)25) Pregnant, nursing, or planning to become pregnant during the course of the clinical investigation or follow-up. A negative pregnancy test is required for all women of child
  34. bearing potential.
  35. Subject who is unsuitable for the study for any reason as judged by the investigator
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Study Locations

Enter your ZIP code/Postal code/PIN code to locate study sites near you:

How to Apply

Contact the study center to learn if this study is a good match for you.
Phone iconCall 82-2-527-5417Email iconEmail Study Center

Study’s details


Cardiovascular Diseases,Hypertension,Vascular Diseases





Participants needed


Est. Completion Date

Apr 2026

Treatment type



Kalos Medical identifier


Study number


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