For Healthcare Professionals

A Study of Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Versus Active Surveillance as Adjuvant Therapy in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma at High Risk of Recurrence After Surgical Resection or Ablation


About the study

This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant therapy with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab compared with active surveillance in participants with completely resected or ablated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who are at high risk for disease recurrence.

Who can take part

You may be eligible to participate in the study if you meet the following criteria:


Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants with a first diagnosis of HCC who have undergone either a curative resection or ablation (radiofrequency ablation [RFA] or microwave ablation [MVA] only) within 4-12 weeks prior to randomization
  2. Documented diagnosis of HCC that has been completely resected or ablated (RFA or MVA only)
  3. Absence of major macrovascular invasion (except Vp1/Vp2) and extrahepatic spread
  4. Absence of extrahepatic spread as confirmed by CT or MRI scan of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, and head prior to and following curative procedure
  5. Full recovery from surgical resection or ablation within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  6. High risk for HCC recurrence after resection or ablation
  7. For patients who received post-operative transarterial chemoembolization: full recovery from the procedure within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  8. For patients with resected HCC, availability of a representative baseline tumor tissue sample
  9. ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1
  10. Child-Pugh Class A status
  11. Adequate hematologic and end-organ function
  12. For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods
  13. For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm


Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known fibrolamellar HCC, sarcomatoid HCC, or mixed cholangiocarcinoma and HCC
  2. Evidence of residual, recurrent, or metastatic disease at randomization
  3. Clinically significant ascites
  4. History of hepatic encephalopathy
  5. Prior bleeding event due to untreated or incompletely treated esophageal and/or gastric varices within 6 months prior to randomization
  6. Have received more than 1 cycle of adjuvant TACE following surgical resection
  7. Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency
  8. History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
  9. Significant cardiovascular disease within 3 months prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1, unstable arrhythmia, or unstable angina
  10. History of malignancy other than HCC within 5 years prior to screening, with the exception of malignancies with a negligible risk of metastasis or death
  11. Active tuberculosis
  12. Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications
  13. Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab or within 6 months after the final dose of bevacizumab. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1.
  14. Co-infection with HBV and HCV
  15. Co-infection with HBV and hepatitis D viral infection
  16. Clinical significant uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia
  17. Any treatment for HCC prior to resection or ablation, including systemic therapy and locoregional therapy such as TACE
  18. Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory or immunosuppressive agents
  19. Inadequately controlled arterial hypertension
  20. History of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
  21. Significant vascular disease
  22. Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy
  23. Current or recent use of aspirin or full-dose oral or parenteral anticoagulants
  24. Core biopsy within 3 days of Day 1 of Cycle 1
  25. History of GI fistula, GI perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess
  26. Serious non-healing or dehiscing wound
  27. Major surgical procedure within four weeks
  28. Chronic daily treatment with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

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Study Locations

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How to Apply

Contact the study center to learn if this study is a good match for you.

Study’s details


Carcinoma, Hepatocellular

Age (in years)



Phase 3

Participants needed


Est. Completion Date

Jul 16, 2027

Treatment type



Hoffmann-La Roche identifier


Study number


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