For Healthcare Professionals

Evaluating the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Delamanid in Combination With Optimized Multidrug Background Regimen (OBR) for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Children With MDR-TB

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About the study

This study will evaluate the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of the anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug delamanid (DLM) in combination with an optimized multidrug background regimen (OBR) for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children with MDR-TB.
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Who can take part

You may be eligible to participate in the study if you meet the following criteria:

INCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Parent (or legal guardian) is willing and able to provide written informed consent for child study participation. Additionally, for children whose assent is required per site institutional review board/ethics committee (IRB/EC) policies and procedures, child is willing and able to provide written assent for his or her study participation.
  2. Age less than 18 years at enrollment
  3. HIV-uninfected, or HIV-infected (see the protocol for more information on this criterion)
  4. If HIV-infected: Initiated the standard of care antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen at least two weeks prior to enrollment (note: regimens including efavirenz [EFV], nevirapine [NVP], a boosted protease inhibitor [PI], or integrase strand transfer inhibitor [INSTI] are allowed)
  5. Confirmed or probable MDR-TB classified as follows:
  6. Confirmed MDR-TB (or rifampicin mono-resistant TB [RMR-TB], pre-extensively drug-resistant [XDR] or XDR-TB):
  7. Intra-thoracic (pulmonary) TB based on chest radiograph consistent with TB, and/or any of the following forms of extrathoracic TB:
  8. 1) Peripheral TB lymphadenitis
  9. 2) Pleural effusion or fibrotic pleural lesions
  10. 3) Stage 1 TB meningitis
  11. 4) Miliary and abdominal TB
  12. 5) Other non-disseminated forms of TB disease (see also exclusion criterion below)
  13. AND
  14. Microbiological confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from any clinical specimen by either culture or molecular methods (including Xpert MTB/RIF)
  15. AND
  16. Drug-resistance demonstrated by genotypic (molecular) or phenotypic methods, with any of the following resistance patterns:
  17. MDR-TB (resistance to both rifampicin and isoniazid)
  18. RMR-TB or where additional isoniazid (INH) resistance has not been confirmed (i.e., isolated Xpert MTB/RIF rifampicin resistance)
  19. Pre-XDR-TB (MDR-TB plus resistance to either a fluoroquinolone or a second-line injectable agent)
  20. XDR-TB (MDR-TB plus resistance to both a fluoroquinolone and a second-line injectable)
  21. Note: RMR-TB, MDR-TB, pre-XDR-TB and XDR-TB are therefore collectively referred to as "MDR-TB" for the purposes of the protocol
  22. Probable MDR-TB (or RMR, pre-XDR or XDR-TB), with inclusion of intrathoracic and/or extrathoracic TB as listed below:
  23. A presumptive diagnosis of intrathoracic (pulmonary) TB based on well-documented clinical symptoms or signs of TB AND chest radiograph consistent with TB, and/or any of the following forms of extrathoracic TB:
  24. Peripheral TB lymphadenitis
  25. Pleural effusion or fibrotic pleural lesions
  26. Stage 1 TB meningitis
  27. Miliary and abdominal TB,
  28. Other non-disseminated forms of TB disease (see also exclusion criterion below)
  29. AND
  30. One of the following:
  31. Exposure to a confirmed MDR-TB source case* (RMR-TB, pre-XDR-TB, XDR-TB)
  32. Documented failure to respond to a first-line regimen, and where adherence was well documented.
  33. AND
  34. The clinical decision has been made to treat for MDR-TB
  35. * Confirmed MDR-TB source cases defined as a case with intrathoracic TB with or without extrathoracic TB, with microbiological confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from any clinical specimen by either culture or molecular methods (including Xpert MTB/RIF), and with drug-resistance demonstrated by genotypic (molecular) or phenotypic methods, with any of the resistance patterns described above.
  36. Albumin level greater than 2.8 g/dL within 30 days prior to enrollment
  37. Potassium greater than 3.4 and less than 5.6 mmol/L; magnesium greater than 0.59 mmol/L within 30 days prior to enrollment. Note: Electrolytes can be repleted and a recheck may be performed to meet eligibility criteria.
  38. BMI Z-score greater than -3 for children greater than or equal to 5 years of age; weight for length/height Z-score greater than -3 for children less than 5 years of age (using latest World Health Organization scores), at screening
  39. Weight greater than or equal to 3 kg, at screening
  40. Has initiated an appropriate optimized background regimen (OBR) MDR-TB treatment regimen as per routine treatment decision, at least two weeks but not more than eight weeks prior to enrollment, and in the opinion of the site investigator, is tolerating the regimen well at enrollment. Note: An appropriate OBR MDR-TB treatment regimen is defined as including components based on the sensitivities of the infecting isolate, if known, and past treatment history, if known. This regimen should also follow the OBR MBR-TB treatment guidelines as described in the protocol.
  41. If male and engaging in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy of the female partner: Agrees to use a barrier method of contraception (i.e. male condom) throughout the first 28 weeks on study (i.e., until four weeks after discontinuation of DLM).
  42. If female and of reproductive potential, defined as having reached menarche and not having undergone a documented sterilization procedure (hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or salpingectomy): Negative pregnancy test at screening within 14 days prior to enrollment.
  43. If female, of reproductive potential (as defined in the protocol), and engaging in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy: Agrees to avoid pregnancy and to use one of the following forms of birth control while receiving DLM and for one month after stopping DLM: condoms, diaphragm or cervical cap, intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal-based contraception. The selected method must be initiated prior to enrollment.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Known allergy to any nitroimidazoles or nitroimidazole derivatives
  2. Active use of prohibited medications listed in the protocol, within 3 days of enrollment
  3. Participant has a history of any of the following, as determined by the site investigator or designee based on maternal report and available medical records:
  4. A significant cardiac arrhythmia that requires medication or a history of heart disease (heart failure, coronary artery disease) that increases the risk for Torsade de Pointes
  5. Significant gastrointestinal (GI), metabolic, neuropsychiatric, kidney or endocrine disease at screening that would, in the investigator's opinion, preclude safe participation in the trial and/or assessment of primary endpoints
  6. Previous DLM or pretomanid exposure
  7. Note: Participants can have received up to 14 + 3 days (i.e., up to 17 days) of DLM prior to enrollment
  8. Abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) (including QTcF [mean value of QT interval, corrected using Fredericia correction, on ECG performed in triplicate] greater than or equal to 450 ms, atrioventricular block, or prolonged QRS greater than or equal to 120 ms) at screening
  9. Karnofsky score less than 30% for participants greater than or equal to 16 years of age or Lansky play score less than 30% for participants less than 16 years of age, at screening
  10. Alcohol intake that in the opinion of the study investigator could potentially interfere with study participation and/or introduce safety concerns with use of DLM
  11. Lactating with plans to breastfeed, at enrollment
  12. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) Stage 2 or 3, or osteo-articular TB at screening
  13. Co-enrolled in any other trial involving pharmacologic regimens, at screening
  14. If HIV-exposed and less than 2 years of age: Breastfeeding at enrollment
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Study Locations

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How to Apply


Contact the study center to learn if this study is a good match for you.
Phone iconCall 919.544.7040Email iconEmail Study Center

Study’s details


Contition

HIV Infections,Tuberculosis

Age (in years)

0 - 18

Phase

Phase 1/Phase 2

Participants needed

48

Est. Completion Date

Mar 2027

Treatment type

Interventional


Sponsor

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier

NCT03141060

Study number

IMPAACT2005

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