For Healthcare Professionals

NBTXR3 and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced SCC of the Oral Cavity or Oropharynx


About the study

RATIONALE: Cancers of the oral cavity represent 30% of head and neck carcinomas in the western world. The oropharynx is the posterior continuation of the oral cavity and connects with the nasopharynx (above) and laryngopharynx (below). It is also a frequent site of primary head and neck cancers. These structures play a crucial role in swallowing, breath and speech. Locally advanced oropharyngeal cancers can obstruct the air flow or infiltrate muscles or nerves, which significantly disturb local functions. The incidence of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer in patients older 65 years is high, 47% occurred in this population as recorded by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries in the United States. Regarding the therapeutic strategies, the association of radiotherapy with chemotherapy or biologics has demonstrated significant improvement of outcomes with the drawback of higher toxicity, or as demonstrated by 2 meta-analyses, without survival improvement in older patients. NBTXR3 and radiation therapy may increase the cancer cell killing and complete tumor shrinkage allowing a definitive treatment and preservation of local structures and functions in patients older 65 years, who cannot receive cisplatin.

Who can take part

You may be eligible to participate in the study if you meet the following criteria:


  1. Patients aged ≥ 70 years old, or
  2. Patients aged ≥ 65 years old and < 70 years old who are unable to receive cisplatin, or
  3. Patients who have contraindication to cisplatin or that are intolerant to cisplatin or cetuximab or that cannot receive the combination of chemoradiation, regardless the age
  4. Histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity or oropharynx
  5. T3 or T4 primary tumor or Stage III or IVA according to AJCC guidelines (8th Edition, 2018)
  6. No evidence of distant metastatic disease, as determined by a negative PET scan or CT scan
  7. Clinically eligible for intratumor implantation by injection
  8. Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 70
  9. Adequate function of Bone marrow:
  10. White Blood Cell (WBC) > 3.0 x 10^9/L
  11. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > or = 1.0 x 10^9/L
  12. Platelet count > or = 100 x 10^9/L
  13. Hemoglobin > or = 9.0 g/dL
  14. Adequate function of Kidney: o Creatinine < or = 3.0 x ULN or creatinine clearance > or = 30 mL/min/1.73m²
  15. Adequate function of the liver:
  16. AST < or = 5 x ULN
  17. ALT < or = 5 x ULN
  18. Bilirubin < or = 1.5 x ULN
  19. Negative pregnancy test ≤ 7 days of NBTXR3 injection in all females of child-bearing potential


  1. Written Informed Consent not obtained, signed and dated
  2. Prior radiotherapy to any area within the planned radiotherapy field
  3. Tumor-related dyspnea
  4. Tumor ulceration which implies vascular risk
  5. Non measurable disease as defined by RECIST criteria
  6. History of stroke, CABG, or significant blockage of carotid arteries or coronary arteries or current blockage of coronary or carotid arteries equal to or in excess of 50% blockage
  7. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active severe infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, etc.
  8. Medical history of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia
  9. Prior or concurrent non-head and neck malignancies, excluding adequately treated basal or squamous cell cancer of the skin, and in situ cervical cancer, and any other cancer from which the subject has been cancer free for 5 years
  10. Concurrent treatment with any other anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, gene therapy, or patients planning to receive these treatments during the study
  11. Patients unable to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures or those with severe psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  12. Patients participating in another clinical investigation at the time of signature of the informed consent.
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Study Locations

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How to Apply

Contact the study center to learn if this study is a good match for you.
Phone iconCall +33 (0)1 81 92 03 19Email iconEmail Study Center

Study’s details


Head and Neck Cancer




Phase 1

Participants needed


Est. Completion Date

Sep 2022

Treatment type



Nanobiotix identifier


Study number


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