For Healthcare Professionals

Treatment-free Remission After Achieving Sustained MR4.5 on Nilotinib (ENESTop)

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About the study

A clinical research study to find out if it is safe to stop the drug nilotinib (Tasigna) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Patients who started treatment with imatinib (Gleevec) when they were first diagnosed with CML, then switched to nilotinib (Tasigna) for at least 2 years with the combined time on imatinib (Gleevec) and nilotinib (Tasigna) for at least 3 years and have very small amount of leukemia cells remaining after the nilotinib (Tasigna) treatment will qualify for the study.
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Who can take part

You may be eligible to participate in the study if you meet the following criteria:

INCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Male or female patients >= 18 years of age
  2. ECOG Performance Status of 0, 1, or 2
  3. Patient with diagnosis of BCR-ABL positive CML CP
  4. Patient has received a minimum of 3 years of tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment (first with imatinib (> 4 weeks) and then switched to nilotinib) since initial diagnosis
  5. Patient has at least 2 years of nilotinib treatment prior to study entry.
  6. Patient has achieved MR4.5 (local laboratory assessment) during nilotinib treatment, and determined by a Novartis designated central PCR lab assessment at screening
  7. Adequate end organ function as defined by:
  8. Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN except for i) patient with documented Gilbert's syndrome for whom any bilirubin value is allowed and ii) for patients with asymptomatic hyperbilirubinemia (liver transaminases and alkaline phosphatase within normal range)
  9. SGOT(AST) and SGPT(ALT) < 3 x ULN (upper limit of normal)
  10. Serum lipase ≤ 2 x ULN
  11. Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN
  12. Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN
  13. Patients must have the following electrolyte values ≥ LLN (lower limit of normal) limits or corrected to within normal limits with supplements prior to the first dose of study medication:
  14. Potassium
  15. Magnesium
  16. Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin)
  17. Patients must have normal marrow function as defined below:
  18. Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
  19. Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
  20. Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  21. Written informed consent obtained prior to any screening procedures

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Prior AP, BC or allo-transplant
  2. Patient has documented MR4.5 at the time when switched from imatinib to nilotinib
  3. Patients with known atypical transcript
  4. CML treatment resistant mutation(s) (T315I, E255K/V, Y253H, F359C/V) detected if a testing was done in the past (there is no requirement to perform mutation testing at study entry if it was not done in the past)
  5. Dose reductions due to neutropenia or thrombocytopenia in the past 6 months
  6. Patient ever attempted to permanently discontinue imatinib or nilotinib treatment
  7. Known impaired cardiac function including any one of the following:
  8. Inability to determine the QT interval on ECG
  9. Complete left bundle branch block
  10. Long QT syndrome or a known family history of long QT syndrome
  11. History of or presence of clinically significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias
  12. Clinically significant resting bradycardia
  13. QTcF > 480 msec
  14. History or clinical signs of myocardial infarction within 1 year prior to study entry
  15. History of unstable angina within 1 year prior to study entry
  16. Other clinically significant heart disease (e.g. uncontrolled congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension)
  17. Severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes (defined as HbA1c > 9%), uncontrolled infection)
  18. History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year prior to study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis
  19. Known presence of a significant congenital or acquired bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer
  20. History of other active malignancy within 5 years prior to study entry with the exception of previous or concomitant basal cell skin cancer, previous cervical carcinoma in situ treated curatively
  21. Patients who have not recovered from prior surgery
  22. Treatment with other investigational agents (defined as not used in accordance with the approved indication) within 4 weeks of Day 1
  23. Patients actively receiving therapy with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. See Appendix 14.1 for a list of these medications. This list may not be comprehensive.
  24. Patients actively receiving therapy with herbal medicines that are strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. These herbal medicines may include Echinacea, (including E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida), Piperine, Artemisinin, St. John's Wort, and Ginkgo.
  25. Patients who are currently receiving treatment with any medications that have the potential to prolong the QT interval and the treatment cannot be either safely discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. (Please see www.azcert.org/medical-pros/drug-lists/printable-drug-list.cfm for a list of agents that prolong the QT interval.)
  26. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g. ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection, or gastric bypass surgery)
  27. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
  28. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must have a negative serum pregnancy test before initiation of study treatment and must also use highly effective methods of contraception while enrolled in the study. The use of highly effective contraception should continue for at least 14 days after the last dose of study treatment or until the last day of TFR/TFR-2, or for the duration of a monthly cycle of oral contraception, whichever is longer. Acceptable forms of highly effective contraception methods include:
  29. Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
  30. Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
  31. Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). The vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS), or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception. In case of use of oral contraception, women should be stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking study treatment. Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to enrolling. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential. If a study patient becomes pregnant or is suspected of being pregnant during the study or within 30 days as part of safety evaluations after the final dose of nilotinib, the Study Doctor needs to be informed immediately and any ongoing study treatment with nilotinib has to be stopped immediately.
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Study Locations

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How to Apply


Contact the study center to learn if this study is a good match for you.
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Study’s details


Contition

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Age

18+

Phase

Phase 2

Participants needed

163

Est. Completion Date

Feb 2025

Treatment type

Interventional


Sponsor

Novartis

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier

NCT01698905

Study number

CAMN107A2408

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